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There is an ambitious curriculum set for PSHE, supporting teachers to implement it through high-quality lessons and checking that everything is helping children to know more, remember more and do more.

If you would like more information in addition to that published on this page, please contact your class teacher.


  • To provide pupils with the knowledge, understanding, attitudes, values and skills they need in order to reach their potential as individuals and within the community.

  • Pupils are encouraged to take part in a wide range of activities and experiences across and beyond the curriculum, contributing fully to the life of their school and communities. In doing so they learn to recognise their own worth, work well with others and become increasingly responsible for their own learning. They reflect on their experiences and understand how they are developing personally and socially, tackling many of the spiritual, moral, social and cultural issues that are part of growing up.

  • They learn to understand and respect our common humanity; diversity and differences so that they can go on to form the effective, fulfilling relationships that are an essential part of life and learning.

  • In our school we choose to deliver Personal, Social, Health Education using 'Jigsaw' as a baseline for our planning. 

Oakfield's Approach


We are setting out to help our pupils be ...

  • Safe. Children can keep their bodies and minds safe, knowing who to communicate with if they feel at risk. 

  • Confident. Children learn to love themselves and the world around them, being proud of what they have helped to create. 

  • Engaged. Children establish safe relationships based on positive interactions, engaging with a range of peers. 

  • Prepared. Children are prepared to deal with a range of situations that arise throughout life, managing their feelings and emotions. 


We will do this by ensuring ...

  • Discussion based learning is at the forefront of our teaching, encouraging children to share their experiences and reflect on people’s actions. 

  • Reflecting and modelling the characteristics of a ‘good citizen’, enabling children to learn from their mistakes and experiences. 

  • Positive relationships are modelled and encouraged throughout the school community, enabling children to engage with each other. 

  • A broad and balanced curriculum is delivered to all children. Children explore resources and scenarios that prepare them for life outside of school. 


We will have made a difference when ...

  • Children know what to do to remain safe inside and outside of school, including online, and can help others to be safe.

  • Children are well-rounded citizens who feel a sense of belonging within their community. 

  • Children identify appropriate ways of communicating with their peers that meet the needs of the individuals involved. 

  • Children can make informed and appropriate choices when dealing with situations that arise. 

Six sequenced pieces per year ...

In P.S.H.E. there are six key topics that are taught each year across school. Children across the school study the same topics at the same time with an increasing level of age-appropriate material introduced each year.

  1. Being Me in My World - I have my own identity and I belong to a community. The things I like, do and believe are what makes me individual and unique.

  2. Celebrating Difference - I am unique and special. Everyone has different cultures, beliefs, families and hobbies. We should respect and celebrate difference and treat everyone with kindness and equality.

  3. Dreams and Goals - Setting goals helps me to progress and improve. Dreams can take longer to achieve with more work along the way.

  4. Healthy Me - I can keep my body healthy by eating a balanced diet and exercising regularly. There are some things that can make my body poorly. I can keep my mind healthy by relaxing and finding ways to manage stress and worries.

  5. Relationships - I will have lots of different relationships in my life with people that I care about-Families and friends form some of them. Other people’s relationships might look different to mine.

  6. Changing Me - My body will change as I grow older. These changes might happen at different paces to my friends. Boys’ and girls’ bodies look different and go through different changes.

Progression on a page ...

Here is an overview of what we expect children to be taught, know and do by the end of each year group.

Year R

Children will:

  • Show an understanding of their own feelings and those of others and begin to regulate their behaviour accordingly.

  • Set and work towards simple goals being able to wait for what they want and control their immediate impulses when appropriate.

  • Be confident to try new activities and show independence, resilience and perseverance in the face of a challenge.

  • Explain the reasons for the rules, know right from wrong and try to behave accordingly.

  • Manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs, including dressing, going to the toilet and understanding the importance of healthy food choices.

  • Show sensitivity to own and others’ needs.

  • Talk about the lives of the people around them and their roles in society.

Year 1

  • Children will be able to talk about what their responsibilities are as a member of their class and talk about consequences which may arise when a wrong choice is made. 

  • They will understand that everyone is different and what bullying means. Children will discuss trusted adults and who they can talk to if they’re worried. 

  • They will know what is meant by a ‘goal’ and discuss some ways that they can keep their bodies and minds healthy. 

  • Finally, children will learn about different relationships within their families, how to name some of the main differences between male and female bodies and that certain body parts are private. 

Year 2

  • Children will see the importance of listening to others and respecting that their opinions may be different. 

  • They will understand what is meant by a stereotype and discuss some stereotypes which are associated with gender. 

  • Children will identify realistic goals and understand the importance of perseverance well as identify what makes them feel stressed and relaxed. 

  • They will discuss different medicines and their importance. Additionally children will learn more about the different types of relationships in their class bubble. 

  • They will talk about secrets - distinguishing between good secrets and worry secrets. 

  • Finally, children will name all of the private parts of male and female bodies using correct terminology, understanding why these parts are private and that change is a part of growing up.

Year 3

  • Children will be able to identify why they are important and be proud of what makes them different. 

  • They will also discuss times when conflict has affected a relationships and ways to manage this. 

  • Children will talk in more depth about bullying and how to prevent this. Additionally, children will identify strengths in their learning, as well as consider areas they’d like to improve on. 

  • Children will learn about how exercise can benefit their bodies and minds. They will start to learn about their rights (UNCRC) and how their lives are influenced by different people in their families. 

  • As part of their ‘changing me’ topic, they will learn about life cycles in nature, how babies grow inside the womb and begin to know some of the body changes that occur during puberty.

Year 4

  • Children will discuss the different roles in a school community and know how their actions might affect their classmates. 

  • They will also learn about how other people might influence them to judge a person based on a difference. 

  • When setting goals, children will discuss what to do if a plan doesn’t work out. 

  • They will start to think about things that can have a negative affect on health, such as smoking and alcohol. 

  • As part of relationships education, children will learn about loss and how this is a part of any relationship. 

  • They will discuss some changes that happen to male and female bodies at puberty and learn that conception is the joining of a sperm and an ovum, without explicitly referring to the process of how this occurs. 

Year 5

  • Children will identify challenges that they have and may face as well as ways they could deal with them. 

  • They will discuss differences in cultures and how this can sometimes create conflict. Additionally, children will learn about how different goals will require them to have money. 

  • They will identify jobs of people that they know. 

  • Children will continue to discuss ways to keep their bodies healthy and choices that can negatively affect health, such as a poor diet and substance misuse. 

  • Finally, children will evaluate the positives and dangers of online relationships, as well as all of the changes which occur to males and females during puberty. 

  • They will understand that sexual intercourse can lead to conception, what happens during a woman’s period and how to keep themselves hygienic. 

Year 6

  • Children will learn about the lives of children in other countries and how they can be different to their own. 

  • They will learn more about how bullying can affect people and discuss different disabilities. 

  • When setting goals, children will talk about the importance of working together to achieve bigger things. 

  • They will consider factors which can cause them to feel stressed and ways to manage this. 

  • When learning about relationships, children will recognise that sometimes people will try to control relationships and that this is not a characteristic of a healthy relationship. 

  • Finally, children will learn about sexual intercourse, how babies develop, emotions around puberty and concerns about starting secondary school.

Units of Learning ...

Being Me in My World

In Year 1, children explore their feelings and learn about their school environment. They begin to understand the importance of celebrating differences and develop their sense of belonging. In Year 2, pupils learn about making choices and the importance of cooperation. They delve deeper into understanding respect and problem-solving. By Year 3, children are taught about their rights and responsibilities, and learn to set goals for themselves. They also develop skills in resolving conflicts and understanding democracy. Year 4 pupils explore the concept of friendship, while Year 5 pupils focus on identity and respecting others. In their final year, Year 6 children learn about self-image and managing change, preparing them for the next stage in their education.

Celebrating Differences

In Year 1, children learn about different types of families and the importance of friendship and respect. In Year 2, the focus is on understanding and embracing differences and learning to manage emotions. They also explore bullying and its impact. By Year 3, pupils learn about disabilities, acceptance, and how to support others. In Year 4, the emphasis is on community, empathy, and equality. Year 5 pupils delve into the concept of diversity, tolerance, and cultural awareness. Lastly, Year 6 children learn about prejudice, stereotypes, and discrimination, and discuss human rights.

Dreams and Goals

Year 1 children start by setting simple goals and celebrating their achievements. In Year 2, pupils learn about perseverance, success, and ambition. By Year 3, teamwork and overcoming challenges become the focus, alongside setting targets for themselves. In Year 4, the importance of aspirations and self-motivation is discussed, along with the value of collaboration. Year 5 pupils learn about long-term goals, resilience, and personal values, while in Year 6, the focus shifts to career choices, skills for work, and decision-making.

Healthy Me

In Year 1, children learn about maintaining a healthy body and mind, as well as the importance of safety. Year 2 pupils focus on exercise, sleep, and making healthy choices. By Year 3, children explore balanced diets, dental care, and physical activity. In Year 4, the focus is on hygiene, emotional well-being, and stress management. In Year 5, pupils learn about mental health, body image, and online safety. In their final year, Year 6 children discuss substance misuse, peer pressure, and the importance of nurturing healthy relationships.


Year 1 children learn about trust, listening, and understanding feelings. In Year 2, pupils explore friendship, empathy, and cooperation. By Year 3, the focus is on communication, conflict resolution, and offering support to others. In Year 4, pupils discuss respect, family, and dealing with loss. In Year 5, pupils learn about setting boundaries, maintaining healthy relationships, and understanding intimate relationships. Lastly, Year 6 pupils focus on consent, online communication, and social media safety.

Changing Me

In Year 1, children learn about growth and change, as well as the concept of transition. In Year 2, pupils explore life cycles and coping strategies. By Year 3, the focus is on puberty, managing change, and decision-making. In Year 4, pupils discuss body changes, acceptance, and taking responsibility. In Year 5, pupils learn about emotional changes and support networks. Lastly, in Year 6, the focus is on self-esteem, personal growth, and preparing for secondary school, as well as exploring future aspirations.

Detailed Progression in PSHE

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